• Writing Cat
     
    Informative/Explanatory Writing
     
     
     
     
    First Grade Common Core State Standard:

    1.W.2: Students write informative/explanatory texts in which they name a topic, supply some facts about the topic, and provide some sense of closure.

     

    We use the district adopted writing program “Step Up to Writing” for informative/explanatory writing.

    Our goal: First graders should write a 5 sentence paragraph, on topic with adjectives and conjunctions by the end of the year.

    Trimester 1: This type of paragraph should currently include a green topic sentence, three yellow star ideas beginning with a transition word and a green conclusion sentence with a concluding transition word (s) .

    Trimester 2: We will work on adding appropriate adjectives (describing words) and conjunctions (connecting words – and, because, or, so, but) to our writing to make sentences more complex. Conjunctions connect two related ideas in a sentence.

    Trimester 3: We will introduce red sentences (to students who are ready) that may explain, give examples, or tell more about the yellow star ideas that was written before it. Each red sentence should relate (be connected) to the prior yellow star idea. Red sentences can contain adjectives and connecting words to make them more complex. Red sentences do not begin with transition words.

     
     
    Helpful Information:

    Topic Sentences (green): Must be a sentence (not a title) that introduces the topic. The topic should be included in this first sentence. Ex. If you are writing about the rainforest, the word “rainforest” should appear in the topic sentence (first sentence).

    Star Ideas (yellow): Give details about the topic. They should begin with a transition
    word(s).

    Examples of transition words are:

    First, ..........        Next, ..........      Last, ..........

    First, ..........      Second, ..........      Third, ..........

    First, ..........      Second, ..........      Last, ..........

    First of all, ..........            Next, ..........                       Finally, ..........

    First of all, ..........           Second, ..........                     Last, ..........

    First of all, ..........           Next, ..........                         Last, ..........

    One _____, ..........          Another _____, ..........         Finally, ..........

    A good _____, ..........     A better _____, ..........        The best _____, ..........

     
     
     

    Conclusion (green): End the writing. They should begin with a conclusion word and restate the topic. They do not introduce more details or have conjunctions.

    Examples of conclusion words are:

    All in all, ..........
    Clearly, ..........
    As you can see,
    ..........
    To sum up, ..........
    To summarize, ..........
    Certainly, ..........
    Surely, ..........
    Obviously, ..........
    In conclusion, ..........
    Definitely, ..........