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    Informative/Explanatory Writing

    First GradeCommon Core State Standard:

    1.W.2: Students write informative/explanatory texts in which they name a topic, supply some facts about the topic, and provide some sense of closure.

    We use the district adopted writing program “Step Up to Writing” for informative/explanatory writing.

    Our goal: First graders should write a 5 sentence paragraph, on topic with adjectives and conjunctions by the end of the year.

    Trimester 1: This type of paragraph will include a green topic sentence, three yellow star ideas beginning with a transition word and a green conclusion sentence with a conclusion word.

    Trimester 2: We will work on adding appropriate adjectives (describing words) and conjunctions (connecting words – and, because, or, so, but) to our writing to make sentences more complex. Conjunctions connect two related ideas in a sentence.

    Trimester 3: We will continue to work on more complex sentence structures with adjectives and conjunctions.

    Helpful Information:

    Topic Sentences (green): Must be a sentence not a title and introduce the topic. The topic word should be included in this first sentence. Ex. If you are writing about the rain forest, the word “rain forest” should appear in the topic sentence.

    Star Ideas(yellow): Give details about the topic. They should begin with transition words. Examples of transition words are:

    First, Next, Last,

    First, Second, Third,

    Conclusions(green): End the writing. They should begin with a conclusion word and restate the topic word. They do not introduce more details or have conjunctions.Examples of conclusion words are:

    All in all, Clearly, As you can see, Obviously, Indeed,