•  Common Core Standards Text Types

     

     

    Informative/Explanatory Writing

    First Grade Common Core State Standard:

    1.W.2: Students write informative/explanatory texts in which they name a topic, supply some facts about the topic, and provide some sense of closure.

    We use the district adopted writing program, “Step Up to Writing” (SUTW) for informative/explanatory writing.

    This type of writing should include a topic sentence, three star ideas (yellows) each beginning with transition words (First, Next, Last), and a conclusion sentence beginning with a conclusion word. We will be working on adding appropriate adjectives (describing words) and conjunctions (connecting words-and, because, or, so, but) to the writing. Conjunctions connect two related ideas in a sentence. Red sentences will be introduced as well. Red sentences explain, or tell more about the yellow star idea that was written. Red sentences should relate to the prior star idea (yellow).

     

    Opinion Writing

    First Grade Common Core Standard:

    1.W.1.: Students write opinion pieces in which they introduce the topic or name the book they are writing about, state an opinion, and provide some sense of closure.

    We use the district adopted writing program, “Step Up to Writing” for opinion writing.

    First graders should write a paragraph, which introduces the topic or text and states their opinion, includes at least one star idea that gives a reason for their opinion, and a conclusion sentence that restates or rewords the opinion. I am having the children use transition words (First, Next, Last) for each star idea that gives a reason for their opinion.

     

     

    Narrative Writing

    First Grade Common Core Standard:

    1.W.3: Students write narratives in which they recount two or more appropriately sequenced events , include some details regarding what happened, use temporal words (after, before, during, until etc.) to signal event order, and provide some sense of closure.

    This type of writing does not follow the “Step Up to Writing” format. There is no topic sentence, star ideas, conclusion, or transition words.

    This type of writing can be imaginative  fictional “story” writing, or a reality based personal  experience narrative where the student retells an event that happened to them or an experience they have had. This type of writing should include a character(s), setting, a problem the character encounters, and a solution to the problem. 

     

    Helpful Information for Fictional (Creative) Story Writing

    Begin with a story starter: Once upon a time… Long ago… One day… (The first one or two sentences should introduce the characters and setting.)

    Use a few story transitions to move the story along. After that…Meanwhile…Suddenly…Then… The next morning….

    This is very beginning story writing and may be the first time the children have ever experienced this type of writing. This is an opportunity for the children to be creative and use their imagination. Three to five sentences is a fine to start out.