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    8th Grade Vocabulary List

     

    1. ADVENTURE/OUTDOOR ACTIVITIES- Physical activities centered in natural settings. Examples include orienteering, backpacking, hiking, rope activities, canoeing, cycling, skating,

    and rock climbing.

     

    2. COMBATIVE ACTIVITIES- A group of physical activities that utilize basic combative–pulling, pushing, defensive, stands, and guards. Some examples include wrestling, fencing, boxing, kickboxing, martial arts, and self-defense.

     

    3. ANAEROBIC ACTIVITY- Exercise in the absence of oxygen (ex: Sprinting, one repetition max in weight lifting, hitting a baseball etc…)

     

    4. DUAL ACTIVITIES-Physical activities that require two participants. Examples include tennis, racquetball, and badminton.

     

    5. MANIPULATIVE MOVEMENTS- Motor skills that use hands, feet, and other body parts to move or manipulate and object (Ex: throwing, kicking, catching, striking)

     

     

    6. PERSONAL FITNESS PLAN- An individualized plan that works toward the goal of attaining physical fitness and wellness.

     

     

    7. PRINCIPLES OF TRAINING/PRINCIPLES OF EXERCISE- Principles to follow in planning an exercise program: frequency, intensity, time, type, overload, progression, specificity, and time.

     

    8. OVERLOAD PRINCIPLE- The principle of exercise that states that placing a greater-than normal physical demand on the body will require the body to adapt to the greater load by increasing the body’s efficiency and strength.

     

     

    9. SPECIFICITY PRINCIPLE- activities and exercise are specific and limited to the parts of the body that are worked on regularly.

     

     

    10. PROGRESSION PRINCIPLE-A principle of training that establishes increases in the amount and intensity of physical activity needed to provide improvements over periods of time.

     

    11. DURATION- the amount of time spent exercising, usually defined by the total time per session.

     

    12. EXTENSION- the act of straightening a limb.

     

    13. FLEXION- the act of bending a limb.

     

    14. INTENSITY- the amount of work completed in a specific period of time or how “hard” the person exercises.

     

    15. INTERVAL TRAINING- physical activity in which short bursts of high intensity exercise is alternated with rest periods.

     

    16. CORE- The muscles of the abdomen, upper and lower back

     

    17. KARVONEN FORMULA- Mathematical formula to determine your target heart rate training zone.  Target Heart Rate= ((Max HR- Resting HR) x % Intensity) + Resting Heart Rate

     

    18. PACE- A consistent rate/ speed of movement.(Jogging a mile at a steady speed without stopping)

     

     

    19. PHYSICAL LITERACY- Move with competence and confidence in a wide variety of physical activities.

     

    20. PREVENTION- making good decisions which promote health and wellness which reduce your risk of disease.

     

     

    21. CALORIE-  a unit of measure for the energy supplied by food

     

     

    22. DEHYDRATION- The loss of water and important blood salts, such as potassium and sodium that are essential for vital organ functions.

     

     

    23. OVERWEIGHT- 10 lbs over ideal weight

     

     

    24. PROPER NUTRITION- the process of eating the right kind of food so you can grow properly and be healthy.

     

    25. SEDENTARY LIFESTYLE- Living one’s life by remaining inactive without regular daily exercise (Excessive TV watching, playing video games, excessive social media)