• Vocabulary Terms 8th Grade


    Quiz 1: Words  1-10

    1. PERSONAL FITNESS PLAN- An individualized plan that works toward the goal of attaining physical fitness and wellness.


    2. PRINCIPLES OF TRAINING/PRINCIPLES OF EXERCISE- Principles to follow in planning an exercise program: frequency, intensity, time, type, overload, progression, specificity, and time.


    3. OVERLOAD PRINCIPLE- The principle of exercise that states that placing a greater-than normal physical demand on the body will require the body to adapt to the greater load by increasing the body’s efficiency and strength.


    4. SPECIFICITY PRINCIPLE- activities and exercise are specific and limited to the parts of the body that are worked on regularly.


    5. PROGRESSION PRINCIPLE-A principle of training that establishes increases in the amount and intensity of physical activity needed to provide improvements over periods of time.


    6. DURATION- the amount of time spent exercising, usually defined by the total time per session.


    7. EXTENSION- the act of straightening a limb.


    8. FLEXION- the act of bending a limb.


    9. INTENSITY- the amount of work completed in a specific period of time or how “hard” the person exercises.


    10. PACE- A consistent rate/ speed of movement.(Jogging a mile at a steady speed without stopping)



    Quiz 2: Words 11-20


    11.  HEART RATE- the number of times the heart beats per minute


    12.  PULSE- a wave of pressure along your arteries every time your heart beats


    13. MAXIMUM HEART RATE- calculated as 220 minus a person’s age


    14. RECOVERY RATE- The time necessary after exercise to return to a normal resting heart rate.


    15. RESTING HEART RATE- the number of heartbeats during a period of inactivity

    16. TARGET HEART-RATE ZONE-  the recommended number of times the heart should beat each minute during aerobic exercise in order to improve aerobic endurance (approximately 60 to 80 percent of a person’s average maximum heart rate)


    17. ANAEROBIC ACTIVITY- Exercise in the absence of oxygen (ex: Sprinting, one repetition max in weight lifting, hitting a baseball etc…)


    18. AEROBIC ACTIVITY- exercise performed for a long duration with the presence of oxygen (examples include aerobic dance, cycling, jogging, power walking, in-line skating, step aerobics, kickboxing)


    19. FITT PRINCIPLE- formula in which each letter represents a factor important for determining the correct amount for improving physical fitness: F-frequency, I-intensity, T-time, T-type.


    20. HEALTH- a high-level of mental, social, emotional, spiritual, and physical wellness



    Quiz 3: Words 21-30

    21. COMPONENTS OF HEALTH-RELATED PHYSICAL FITNESS- muscular strength, muscular endurance, aerobic capacity, flexibility, and body composition.


    22. BODY COMPOSITION- all of the tissues that together make up the body. (e.g., muscle, bone, vital organs, and tissues)


    23. AEROBIC CAPACITY/CARDIOVASCULAR FITNESS- ability of the heart, lungs, and blood vessels to function efficiently when a person exercises the body


    24. FLEXIBILITY- the ability to move the joints of the body through a normal range of motion


    25. MUSCULAR ENDURANCE- ability to contract the muscles many times without tiring or to hold one contraction for a long time.


    26. MUSCULAR STRENGTH- the amount of force a muscle can produce.


    27. CALORIE-  a unit of measure for the energy supplied by food


    28. DEHYDRATION- The loss of water and important blood salts, such as potassium and sodium that are essential for vital organ functions.


    29. OVERWEIGHT- 10 lbs over ideal weight


    30. SEDENTARY LIFSTYLE- Living one’s life by remaining inactive without regular daily exercise (Excessive TV watching, playing video games, excessive social media)


    Quiz 4: Words 31-40

    31. BODY MASS INDEX (BMI)- a method of assessing body composition through height, age, weight, and gender


    32. OBESITY- increased body weight caused by excessive accumulation of 25-30% body fat.


    33. COOL DOWN- light activity followed by stretching, allowing the body systems to slow down gradually.(e.g. slow jog, walking, stretching)


    34. WARM-UP- the beginning component of a workout that prepares the body for activity


    35. CIRCUIT TRAINING- a method of physical conditioning in which one moves from one exercise to the other, usually in a series of different stations or pieces of equipment


    36. INTERVAL TRAINING- physical activity in which short bursts of high intensity exercise is alternated with rest periods.


    37. CORE- The muscles of the abdomen, upper and lower back


    38. KARVONEN FORMULA- Mathematical formula to determine your target heart rate training zone.  Target Heart Rate= ((Max HR- Resting HR) x % Intensity) + Resting Heart Rate


    39. PHYSICAL LITERACY- move with competence and confidence in a wide variety of physical activities


    40. PREVENTION- making good decisions which promote health and wellness which reduce your risk of disease



    Quiz 5: Words 41-50

    41. BALANCE- the ability to keep an upright posture while standing still or moving


    42. HAND-EYE COORDINATION- the control of eye movement and the processing of visual input to guide bodily movement


    43. DEFENSIVE STRATEGY- strategies used to defend oneself or one's goal against attack (examples: preventing the offense from scoring a goal in soccer or lacrosse)

    44. OFFENSIVE STRATEGY- Assess the strength and weakness of the opponent and use those to gain an advantage for attacking or scoring in a game.

    45. SPORTSMANSHIP- conduct and attitude considered as befitting participants in sports, especially fair play, courtesy, striving spirit, and being a cheerful loser, etc…


    46. ADVENTURE/OUTDOOR ACTIVITIES- Physical activities centered in natural settings. Examples include orienteering, backpacking, hiking, rope activities, canoeing, cycling, skating,

    and rock climbing.


    47. COMBATIVE ACTIVITIES- A group of physical activities that utilize basic pulling, pushing, defensive, stands, and guards. Some examples include wrestling, fencing, boxing, kickboxing, martial arts, and self-defense.


    48. DUAL ACTIVITIES-Physical activities that require two participants. Examples include tennis, racquetball, and badminton.


    49. MANIPULATIVE MOVEMENTS- Motor skills that use hands, feet, and other body parts to move or manipulate and object (Ex: throwing, kicking, catching, striking)


    50. PROPER NUTRITION- the process of eating the right kind of food so you can grow properly and be healthy.