Vocabulary Terms 8th Grade
Quiz 1: Words 1-10
1. PERSONAL FITNESS PLAN- An individualized plan that works toward the goal of attaining physical fitness and wellness.
2. PRINCIPLES OF TRAINING/PRINCIPLES OF EXERCISE- Principles to follow in planning an exercise program: frequency, intensity, time, type, overload, progression, specificity, and time.
3. OVERLOAD PRINCIPLE- The principle of exercise that states that placing a greater-than normal physical demand on the body will require the body to adapt to the greater load by increasing the body’s efficiency and strength.
4. SPECIFICITY PRINCIPLE- activities and exercise are specific and limited to the parts of the body that are worked on regularly.
5. PROGRESSION PRINCIPLE-A principle of training that establishes increases in the amount and intensity of physical activity needed to provide improvements over periods of time.
6. DURATION- the amount of time spent exercising, usually defined by the total time per session.
7. EXTENSION- the act of straightening a limb.
8. FLEXION- the act of bending a limb.
9. INTENSITY- the amount of work completed in a specific period of time or how “hard” the person exercises.
10. PACE- A consistent rate/ speed of movement.(Jogging a mile at a steady speed without stopping)
Quiz 2: Words 11-20
11. HEART RATE- the number of times the heart beats per minute
12. PULSE- a wave of pressure along your arteries every time your heart beats
13. MAXIMUM HEART RATE- calculated as 220 minus a person’s age
14. RECOVERY RATE- The time necessary after exercise to return to a normal resting heart rate.
15. RESTING HEART RATE- the number of heartbeats during a period of inactivity
16. TARGET HEART-RATE ZONE- the recommended number of times the heart should beat each minute during aerobic exercise in order to improve aerobic endurance (approximately 60 to 80 percent of a person’s average maximum heart rate)
17. ANAEROBIC ACTIVITY- Exercise in the absence of oxygen (ex: Sprinting, one repetition max in weight lifting, hitting a baseball etc…)
18. AEROBIC ACTIVITY- exercise performed for a long duration with the presence of oxygen (examples include aerobic dance, cycling, jogging, power walking, in-line skating, step aerobics, kickboxing)
19. FITT PRINCIPLE- formula in which each letter represents a factor important for determining the correct amount for improving physical fitness: F-frequency, I-intensity, T-time, T-type.
20. HEALTH- a high-level of mental, social, emotional, spiritual, and physical wellness
Quiz 3: Words 21-30
21. COMPONENTS OF HEALTH-RELATED PHYSICAL FITNESS- muscular strength, muscular endurance, aerobic capacity, flexibility, and body composition.
22. BODY COMPOSITION- all of the tissues that together make up the body. (e.g., muscle, bone, vital organs, and tissues)
23. AEROBIC CAPACITY/CARDIOVASCULAR FITNESS- ability of the heart, lungs, and blood vessels to function efficiently when a person exercises the body
24. FLEXIBILITY- the ability to move the joints of the body through a normal range of motion
25. MUSCULAR ENDURANCE- ability to contract the muscles many times without tiring or to hold one contraction for a long time.
26. MUSCULAR STRENGTH- the amount of force a muscle can produce.
27. CALORIE- a unit of measure for the energy supplied by food
28. DEHYDRATION- The loss of water and important blood salts, such as potassium and sodium that are essential for vital organ functions.
29. OVERWEIGHT- 10 lbs over ideal weight
30. SEDENTARY LIFSTYLE- Living one’s life by remaining inactive without regular daily exercise (Excessive TV watching, playing video games, excessive social media)
Quiz 4: Words 31-40
31. BODY MASS INDEX (BMI)- a method of assessing body composition through height, age, weight, and gender
32. OBESITY- increased body weight caused by excessive accumulation of 25-30% body fat.
33. COOL DOWN- light activity followed by stretching, allowing the body systems to slow down gradually.(e.g. slow jog, walking, stretching)
34. WARM-UP- the beginning component of a workout that prepares the body for activity
35. CIRCUIT TRAINING- a method of physical conditioning in which one moves from one exercise to the other, usually in a series of different stations or pieces of equipment
36. INTERVAL TRAINING- physical activity in which short bursts of high intensity exercise is alternated with rest periods.
37. CORE- The muscles of the abdomen, upper and lower back
38. KARVONEN FORMULA- Mathematical formula to determine your target heart rate training zone. Target Heart Rate= ((Max HR- Resting HR) x % Intensity) + Resting Heart Rate
39. PHYSICAL LITERACY- move with competence and confidence in a wide variety of physical activities
40. PREVENTION- making good decisions which promote health and wellness which reduce your risk of disease
Quiz 5: Words 41-50
41. BALANCE- the ability to keep an upright posture while standing still or moving
42. HAND-EYE COORDINATION- the control of eye movement and the processing of visual input to guide bodily movement
43. DEFENSIVE STRATEGY- strategies used to defend oneself or one's goal against attack (examples: preventing the offense from scoring a goal in soccer or lacrosse)
44. OFFENSIVE STRATEGY- Assess the strength and weakness of the opponent and use those to gain an advantage for attacking or scoring in a game.
45. SPORTSMANSHIP- conduct and attitude considered as befitting participants in sports, especially fair play, courtesy, striving spirit, and being a cheerful loser, etc…
46. ADVENTURE/OUTDOOR ACTIVITIES- Physical activities centered in natural settings. Examples include orienteering, backpacking, hiking, rope activities, canoeing, cycling, skating,
and rock climbing.
47. COMBATIVE ACTIVITIES- A group of physical activities that utilize basic pulling, pushing, defensive, stands, and guards. Some examples include wrestling, fencing, boxing, kickboxing, martial arts, and self-defense.
48. DUAL ACTIVITIES-Physical activities that require two participants. Examples include tennis, racquetball, and badminton.
49. MANIPULATIVE MOVEMENTS- Motor skills that use hands, feet, and other body parts to move or manipulate and object (Ex: throwing, kicking, catching, striking)
50. PROPER NUTRITION- the process of eating the right kind of food so you can grow properly and be healthy.